Small depression or depression? One finds painfully sleep and wakes up frequently in the middle of the night. You lose interest in the sport and feel guilty that you can not spend more time with your loved ones or you do not want to. More like cooking and we eat without appetite. We are more sexy and we do not want to be so sexy. A state that is desolate, and we have more and more often black ideas. One judges oneself worthless, by turns irritable or amorphous, when one was so energetic. The question to ask yourself: is this a little cockroach or a depression?
ZOOM on Depression
Depression is a widespread disease, one in 10 men will be affected during its lifetime and one in five women. Depression is very common among young adults, with 7 out of 10 depressed children under 45 years of age. But what does depression actually mean?. The word “depression” has become commonplace and too often designates passing states.
When these symptoms persist for weeks or months and prevent a return to a life Depression is a condition that continues over time and that should not be overlooked.
- We see a decrease in psychic tone is characterized by deep melancholy and loss of taste for formerly appreciated activities (hobbies, sex, etc.): this is the main symptom that can allow your doctor to diagnose. Some patients may become tense or irritable. This extreme nervousness and sense of uselessness is accompanied by black thoughts, which may even lead to suicidal impulses.
- Changes in appetite or weight, a disturbance of sleep: depression can affect the body in addition to the mind. Thus, some people may suffer from a lack of appetite while others will compensate by gaining weight. In the same way, some people will find it hard to fall asleep to wake up in the middle of the night while others will tend to sleep excessively.
- There are also changing moods. In addition to the depressed state, the person may have other emotional changes: an unjustified feeling of guilt, a lack of self-confidence and disability. Some people will flee situations requiring them to take responsibility, for fear of doing wrong.
- A difficulty to concentrate: these symptoms prevent people from studying and working effectively. In extreme cases, trivial tasks become insurmountable.
There are no distinctive symptoms, some people may appear sad obviously, others will feel rather tired or insomnia. Sometimes the close circle has a hard time sensing the importance of this disease and suspects more easily a slight depression than a little will and a few good words will overcome.
Depression, a real disease?
Source of many sufferings, depression affects more than 3 million French. Despite these important figures, a lot of misinformation is circulating about this disease. Causes, symptoms, treatments, it is not always easy to take stock. Concerning depression, prejudices persist. Is this a real disease? Is it psychological or physical? Is Will enough to eradicate depression?.
As we have seen previously, depression is defined as a feeling of persistent sadness, a loss of taste for most activities for a minimum of two weeks. You should not feel any fear or embarrassment in exposing your condition to your doctor. Only a knowledge of all the symptoms will allow him to make an accurate diagnosis.
For the physician, the term depression has a very precise definition and, faced with such a disease, it can prescribe to you an adequate treatment: psychotherapeutic follow-up and / or drugs fighting against depression.
There are three main types of depression, each characterized by specific symptoms. When depression occurs episodically and on a regular basis, doctors talk about characteristic depressive episodes. If depression settles and lasts, it is chronic depression. Finally, bipolar disorders are defined by an alternation between depression and exaltation.
Many call depression an episode of temporary sadness that lasts a few days and disappears or a cockroach, others say they have “depressed”, that they “are at the bottom” to express an evil to live, a difficulty passengers, annoyance, a wave to the soul, but also in case of real trouble. The word depressed has become commonplace and is now widely used.
Others insist that depressive illness must be taken seriously. Depression (depressive illness) is not a passing state, it is a very great sadness that invades you permanently, paralyzes your taste for life, it makes you suffer for a long time, it is a true disease to be taken very seriously . Depression is not a blast! But this does not stop you from using the term depression when you feel like it. It should be noted that for the physician, the term depression has a fairly precise meaning and that the word depression does not exist in medical language. If you are depressed the doctor will prescribe you a treatment, psychotherapeutic follow-up and / and anti-depressant drugs (antidepressants).
Depression is a real disease, defined by a combination of symptoms and specific therapeutic management. Contrary to preconceived notions, depression affects all ages, gender and social categories. Today, more than 3 million people suffer in France .
Depression, is not just in the head. Depression does not only affect mental health. Physical symptoms are also important. For example, there are changes in the brain, sleep disorders, impaired appetite, or sexual problems.
Is there a reason to be depressed? Sometimes the cause of depression is visible. In other cases it is much less obvious. In any case, it is important to see your doctor or a psychiatrist to help you get out. Depression is treated and cured 9 times out of 10. Antidepressant therapy is more effective if associated with psychotherapy. The treatment is still relatively long, on the order of a few months or more. Treatment too short exposes the risk of relapse.
All ages affected by depression
The elderly are prone to depression. This is sometimes difficult to detect in the elderly. This may have memory impairment that will be attributed erroneously to “age” or to Alzheimer’s disease. Sometimes the elderly person isolates himself, becomes hostile or aggressive with his entourage. This is not a normal development in the context of aging, but may be a depression. In this case an antidepressant treatment will improve the signs.
The child is not spared by depression. It is always advisable to consult a pediatrician or a child psychiatrist when you feel that your child is permanently sad, but also if he becomes very irritable or complains about his body repeatedly. It can also lose the appetite, or have poor academic performance.
The causes of depression are multiple, and there are generally three types of factors: biological, psychological and environmental. Studies have shown that having depressed parents increases the risk of suffering from this disease. If doctors are convinced of the existence of genetic factors, no gene has been updated. Heredity is therefore one of the possible causes of depression, but not the only one.
Getting out of depression, but how?
It is unnecessary to think that only the will or the support of the relatives will cure a depression. Like any disease, it requires medical care, which can go through pharmaceutical treatment and / or psychological support. It is therefore essential to be surrounded by professionals.
Antidepressants are the treatment for depression. But some people consider that antidepressants prevent them from being oneself. Antidepressants do not alter the personality. They act on the various symptoms of depression. Depending on the intensity of the illness and the symptoms, the doctor chooses the appropriate treatment, which will most often be accompanied by a psychological follow-up.
The drug option based on antidepressants is the best known, but not the only one. Support is global. It is accompanied by psychological follow-up, and sometimes by psychotherapy. Other therapies are possible: phototherapy, magnetic stimulation, seismotherapy, not forgetting alternative medicines.